世界粮食日 World Food Day
Collective action across 150 countries is what makes World Food Day (WFD) one of the most celebrated days of the United Nations’ (UN) calendar. Hundreds of events and outreach activities bring together governments, businesses, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), the media, and general public. They promote worldwide awareness and action for those who suffer from hunger and for the need to ensure healthy diets for all.
World Food Day 2020 marks the 75th anniversary of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in an exceptional moment as countries around the world deal with the widespread effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. It’s a time to look into the future we need to build together.
粮食英雄 Food Heroes
WHAT CAN WE DO TO SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE FOOD SYSTEMS?
CHOOSE HEALTHY AND DIVERSE
A healthy diet contributes to a healthy life. When we choose to eat diverse foods, we encourage a variety of foods to be produced. Remember, a diverse diet favours biodiversity!
Whenever you can, support food heroes by buying locally grown fresh food, such as from a farmers’ market in your community. In doing so, you are helping smallholder farmers that produced the food, your local economy and you are encouraging crop diversity.
Did you know that you reduce your carbon footprint when you buy produce that’s in season? When food is out of season in one part of the world it has to be imported and travel a long way before it arrives to your local grocery store or market.
SUPPORT DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVES
By supporting development initiatives, such as school meal and nutrition programmes in your local community, you can raise awareness about the importance of eating well and promote healthy eating through education.
SUPPORT FOOD-RELATED BUSINESSES AND RETAILERS
Encourage our governments, private sector businesses and decision-makers to invest in sustainable, resilient food systems that provide decent employment, and to develop, adapt and share innovative technologies that transform the way food is produced. Nutritious and sustainable food options need to be enticing, available and accessible.
RESPECT FOOD AND FOOD HEROES
Food loss and waste can occur throughout the food system, once it arrives at your table – you can play your part! Learning how to store uneaten food properly for another day’s meal is one way to avoid wasting perfectly good food. Respecting food means respecting food sector workers.
事实速览 Did you know?
• 2 billion people experience moderate or severe food insecurity, meaning they have difficulty in regularly accessing enough nutritious food.
• More than 113 million people across 53 countries experience acute hunger requiring urgent food, nutrition and livelihoods assistance.
• The global population is expected to reach almost 10 billion by 2050, which will significantly increase the demand for food.
• Approximately 14 percent of food produced for human consumption is lost each year before reaching the wholesale market.
• Over 3 billion people in the world lack access to internet and most of them live in rural and remote areas. Smallholder farmers need greater access to finance, training, innovation and technology to improve their livelihoods.
• Intensified food production, combined with climate change, is causing a rapid loss of biodiversity. Today only nine plant species account for 66 percent of total crop production.
• A combination of poor diets and sedentary lifestyles has led to soaring obesity rates, not only in developed countries, but also low-income countries, where hunger and obesity often coexist. No region is exempt.
• If our food systems are not transformed, undernourishment and malnutrition will greatly increase by 2050. This could increase more if there is further deterioration in income inequality, employment or basic access to services.
• The impact of malnutrition in all its forms – undernutrition, micronutrient deficiencies, as well as overweight and obesity – on the global economy is estimated at USD 3.5 trillion per year.
Quoted from FAO official website